Epidemics / Pandemics

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Epidemics / Pandemics

The Public Health Department keeps track of communicable disease occurrence.

Public health issues are addressed by the Communicable Disease Surveillance Committee, chaired by the Medical Officer of Health which meets once per month with representatives from other government divisions such as Public Health –H.S.A., Department of Environmental Health, Department of Agriculture, H.S.A. Laboratory, Mosquito Research and Control Unit, and any other relevant department or agency may be invited depending on the disease or outbreak.

With weekly reporting from multiple sites, the Public Health Department is in a strong position to monitor disease occurrence and conduct outbreak investigations. The department also collaborates in disaster preparedness and response.

There have been no outbreaks of any communicable disease for several years except seasonal outbreaks of gastroenteritis and upper respiratory tract infections like influenza.

Residents are blessed with one of the best health care systems in the region. The Islands have three hospitals, five district health centres and about 75 physicians in the public and private sector for its estimated 55,000 residents.

Vector-borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, West Nile virus and malaria are not endemic in the Cayman Islands. Cases of malaria are rarely seen in the Cayman Islands despite there being many cases across the region as well as having the right mosquito to carry it.

There are a number of cases of Dengue each year in the Cayman Islands, mostly in travellers returning from endemic regions. Transmission is by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti is currently widespread on Grand Cayman.

Additional information on mosquitos that carry these diseases can be found at http://www.mrcu.ky/brief-guide-to-common-mosquitoes/

Last Updated: 2013-10-13